Climate smart agriculture refers to use of technologies such as the use of crop varieties that are resilient, and early maturing varieties to mitigate effects of climate change.
Smart Farming on the other hand is an emerging concept in managing farms using modern Information and Communication Technologies (
Internet of Things -IoT
) to increase the quantity and quality of products while optimizing the human labor required.
Among the technologies available for present-day farmers are:
•Sensors: soil, water, light, humidity, temperature management
•Software: specialized software solutions that target specific farm types or use case agnostic IoT platforms
•Connectivity: cellular, LoRa, etc.
•Location: GPS, Satellite, etc.
•Robotics: Autonomous tractors, processing facilities, etc.
•Data analytics: standalone analytics solutions, data pipelines for downstream solutions, etc
The core of IoT is the data you can draw from things (“T”) and transmit over the Internet (“I”). To optimize the farming process, IoT devices installed on a farm should collect and process data in a repetitive cycle that enables farmers to react quickly to emerging issues and changes in ambient conditions.
Not just this, there are plenty of other use cases that prove these internet connected devices can provide greater value to farmers.
For instance, consider the example of autonomous irrigation, wherein we can use intelligent irrigation sensors that keep a tab on the water level and automatically control the overall irrigation and sprinkler system.
The usage of flood sensors to control water levels and prevent over-watering or flooding of fields is another prominent example.
And then there is the example of usage of IoT devices to monitor the health of livestock.
IoT sensors attached to individual animals have also been known to aid in the optimization of grazing patterns and improve milk productions for dairy farmers.
Internet enabled devices attached to the animals provide real-time updates about the temperature, health, activity, and nutrition insights of each animal, which enables us to seamlessly identify sick animals and effectively quarantine them to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and reduce mortality rates.
The Future of farming will for sure be embraced by the Internet of Things and usage of big Data in Agriculture.